Cyber Security – bot traffic

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In today’s digital landscape, online advertising plays a crucial role in marketing strategies. Professional Google Ads is a widely adopted PPC (pay per click) platform that allows businesses to reach their target audience affectively. However, the rise of bots and automated scripts has introduced challenges for advertisers, as these fraudulent activities can significantly impact Google Ad spend. This article delves into the world of bots and their influence on advertising budgets, highlighting the key issues, and exploring potential solutions.

Understanding Bots

Bots, also known as web robots, are automated scripts designed to perform specific tasks on the internet. While there are legitimate bots, such as search engine crawlers, malicious bots can manipulate online activities, including ad interactions. These fraudulent bots mimic human behaviour, leading to fake impressions, clicks, and engagements on Google Ads.

Growth in Bot Traffic

The main reasons for the growth in bot traffic are as follows:

  1. Web Crawlers: Search engines use bots, known as web crawlers or spiders, to index and analyse websites. These bots visit web pages to gather information and understand their content. As the internet grows and more websites are created, the number of web crawlers increases, leading to an overall growth in bot traffic.
  2. Malicious Bots: Some bot traffic comes from malicious sources, such as automated scripts or programs designed to exploit vulnerabilities, perform unauthorised activities, or launch cyberattacks. These bots can be used for varying purposes, including spamming, data scraping, click fraud, or distributing malware. The increasing sophistication of these bots and their ability to mimic human behaviour increases overall bot traffic.
  3. Bot Networks: Botnets are networks of compromised computers or devices controlled by a central entity, often without the knowledge of the device owners. Botnets can be used to generate bot traffic on a large scale. They can be employed for launching distributed denial-of-service attacks, engaging in click fraud, or conducting large-scale automated actions. The proliferation of botnets contributes to an increase.
  4. Data Collection: Companies and researchers may use bots to collect data from websites for various purposes, such as market research, monitoring prices, or gathering information for analysis. These bots are often legitimate and operate within the terms of service defined by the website owners. However, the cumulative effect of numerous data collection bots can contribute to growth.
  5. Automation and AI: The advancement of automation and artificial intelligence technologies has made it easier for individuals and organisations to create and deploy bots. Bots can perform repetitive tasks, interact with websites or services, and provide various automated functionalities. The ease of bot development and deployment has led to an increase in their usage.

Impact on Google Ad Spend

Bot traffic has an adverse effect on Ad spend mainly for the following reasons:

  1. Increased Bidding Cost: Bots can artificially inflate the number of clicks on ads, leading to a higher cost for advertisers. As advertisers pay per click, these false engagements drain their budget without generating genuine leads or conversions. Consequently, businesses may be forced to increase their bids to maintain visibility, resulting in escalated ad spend.
  2. Wasted Ad Budget: Fake impressions generated by bots not only drain budgets but also prevent ads from reaching real potential customers. Advertisers end up paying for ad placements that are unlikely to convert, ultimately wasting their advertising budget on non-existent or disinterested users. Our data confirms that for the past quarter we have saved clients over 20% of their ad spend from bots.
  3. Skewed Performance Metrics: Bots distort the accuracy of performance metrics, making it challenging for advertisers to measure the true effectiveness of their campaigns. Metrics such as click-through rates (CTR) and conversion rates may be inflated, creating a misleading impression of success. Advertisers may make uninformed decisions based on these inaccurate metrics, further impacting their ad spend.
  4. Combating Bot Fraud: Ad Verification Tools: Implementing ad verification tools can help detect and mitigate bot fraud. These tools employ advanced algorithms and machine learning techniques to identify suspicious activities, such as abnormal click patterns or bot-generated traffic. By proactively identifying and blocking bots, advertisers can reduce the impact on their ad spend. We use a reputable software platform to minimise bot traffic to provide important data which we use when we analyse Ad performance. We also use techniques to separate bot activity from human, therefore, properly analysing the human data within your Ad account.
  5. Targeted Audience Segmentation: Segmenting the target audience based on relevant demographics, interests, and behaviour can minimise exposure to bot traffic. By focusing on specific groups of users, advertisers can increase the likelihood of genuine engagement and conversions, optimizing their ad spend.
  6. Continuous Monitoring and Optimization: Regular monitoring of ad campaigns is crucial to identify any sudden spikes in suspicious activities. Advertisers should closely examine key performance indicators and promptly act if anomalies are detected. Continuous optimization of campaigns based on reliable data and performance analysis is essential to maximize the return on ad spend (ROAS) while minimising bot-related losses.
  7. Collaborative Efforts: Stakeholders in the digital advertising industry, including Google, advertisers, agencies, and ad exchanges, must collaborate to combat bot fraud affectively. Sharing information, best practices, and adopting industry-wide standards can enhance the collective defence against fraudulent activities. Google’s ongoing efforts to improve ad fraud detection and prevention mechanisms also play a vital role in minimising the impact on ad spend.

A Battle Ahead

The influence of bots on Google Ad spend cannot be ignored. Advertisers must be vigilant in detecting and preventing fraudulent activities to protect their advertising budgets and ensure campaign effectiveness. By utilising ad verification tools, segmenting the target audience, continuous monitoring, and fostering collaboration within the industry, businesses can navigate the challenges posed by bots and optimize their ad spend for maximum return on investment. With proactive measures in place, advertisers can maintain the integrity and effectiveness of their Google Ads campaigns in an increasingly complex digital advertising landscape.

It’s important for search engines to continually improve their bot detection and mitigation techniques to ensure that legitimate users have a seamless experience while protecting against malicious activities and maintaining the integrity of their services. Google have formed TAG (Threat Analysis Group), that tracks actors (cybercriminals, nation-states, hackers, thrill-seekers, and insider threats) involved in information operations, government backed attacks and financially motivated cyber abuse.

This is where FIGA Digital comes in. We are Google software experts and setup, manage and optimise your Ad account.

  1. Data Analysis: With our analytical abilities and experience, along with using award-winning bot prevention software, we can find your ‘gold’ in terms of leads and winning new business. We use our method of optimizing your Ads performance along with effective SEO Meta data and dedicated landing pages, which in turn allows your new customers to find you.
  2. Our Services: We set-up and manage professional Google Ads to increase your online sales or attract new business leads through pay per click advertising. These services include:
    • Determine what your ‘search terms’ are that deliver new sales / leads – your keywords.
    • Google ‘footfall’ review of what website visits your business requires.
    • Competitor analysis – what are your digital competitors doing and how.
    • Analytics and Google Ads data analysis to optimise your Ads.
    • Creating dedicated landing pages to optimise the SEO of your main keywords Yes, we help to grow your business, like we have for all our clients.
    • Deploying sister websites on domain names that match your main keywords, where available.

For more information, or if we can assist you with your pay per click or SEO, please contact us on:

By email to or call on Freephone 0800 802 1968

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